Very simply put, it is a quieting, a balancing, of the mind and other senses (the mind is one of the senses in Buddhism). Meditation is a means to discover what is in our mind and discover how what is in our mind affects us. It is not a means to Enlightenment for us as we cannot utilize such a focus complete enough for Enlightenment to take place.
Meditation helps us to practice being truly human as we obtain more and more insight into the human condition. How we behave now is the result of the past: How we behave in the future is the result of now.
What is the goal of Meditation?
To discover our weaknesses and rectify them.
To discover our virtues and cultivate them.
To develop humbleness as we realize all life (not all behavior) has equal value and is interdependent and ever-changing.
What are the benefits of Meditation?
Learning to know our minds.
Learning to shape our minds (also called the “turning of the mind”).
Learning to free our minds of the bondage of selfishness.
Why Meditate if it does not lead to Enlightenment?
It awakens the mind to truth so that it lessens suffering and anguish.
It “frees up” disciplined will, energy, courage, and vitality.
It opens our mind/heart to wisdom and compassion (in balance…as compassion without wisdom can be dangerous and, further, wisdom and knowledge are not the same).
How can I Meditate and where can I Meditate?
You can meditate sitting, standing, lying down, and walking. In other words, at any time, place, or situation, if you know how.
Why should I Meditate?
Our suffering and misery come from the Three Poisons of Greed, Anger, and Ignorance. Self examination and change can diminish the Three Poisons.